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Farsala during the Turkish Occupancy

VASSO NOULA

ARCHAEOLOGIST

SPECIAL MAYOR’S ASSISTANT

From the late 14th century until the 18 August 1881 the city remained under the Turkish yoke. Its name is then delivered as Farsala or Fersala, or Tsiataltza in Turkish, meaning crossroads.

The Sultan gave little communal administration privileges to the local population. These benefits contained partly religious practices, through the Roman millet, led by the Ecumenical Patriarch.

Deposing and persecution of clerics were usual, while the education was sub-functioning.

Turkish settlers moved in rich villages of Farsala, occupying the fertile plains, while the native population became serfs of the conqueror. The regime applied the feudal system of the Byzantines. The large estates were named "tsiflikia".

The city became the local landlords (beides) headquarters, who exploited the fertile farmland of the area. In the early 19th century, Farsala became Ali Pasha's estate.

According to information provided by our French Consul Beaujour in Thessaloniki, the population summed up to 5000 inhabitants in the late 18th century, where Farsala was a town of considerable size, in relation to the standards of the time. The city was one of the most important cotton dye centers. A Famous product of this time is the halvah (traditional sweet). The annual exhibitions of the second half of August, the famous "Panaya Bazaar", was the biggest in Thessaly, coincided with the harvesting of grain and is mentioned at least since 1608.

farsala tourkokratia 2
farsala tourkokratia 1

 

At times, the place suffered from famine, plague epidemics and Turkish-Albanian robbers. Even during the Orloff events (1770) the city was tested by Turkish-Albanian mercenaries of the Ottomans, who were returning from the Peloponnese after the rebellion suppression. However, Farsala regained commercial importance in the coming years.

The city is absent from the Revolution of 1821, due to the vast number of Turkish troops who were encamped in the area. During the revolution of 1854 in Thessaly, Macedonia and Epirus, many residents enlist as volunteers. The same happens in the revolution of 1878.

In the modern city area are located extensively excavated layers of the Ottoman period and occasionally, excavated parts of buildings, paved roads and tombs have been found. The city is mentioned by foreign travelers who visited it, such as Leake, o Heuzey etc. From these we derive information according to which the Turkish population lived in the city center, while the Christian element was confined to the city's fringes, in the districts Varousi and Palioloutro, where the respective churches of Saint Nicholas and Virgin Mary are situated. From the 5-6 mosques that have been mentioned, today not even one is rescued.

farsala tourkokratia 3
ΑΠΟΨΗ ΤΩΝ ΦΑΡΣΑΛΩΝ ΣΕ ΧΑΡΑΚΤΙΚΟ ΤΟΥ S. POMARDI, 19ος ΑΙΩΝΑΣ

 

 

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http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Φάρσαλα
www.farsala.gr / διαδικτυακές πύλες- δήμος Φαρσάλων- ιστορία
www.achilles.gr/old.farsalos.htm
http://odysseus.culture.gr/ Ακρόπολη Φαρσάλων
http://odysseus.culture.gr/ Θολωτός Τάφος Φαρσάλων
http://www.polidamantas.gov.gr (Διαδικτυακές Πύλες – Δήμος Πολυδάμαντα - Ιστορία)
http://www.hellinon.net/NeesSelides/Fthia.htm
http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Φθία
www.e-istoria.com/t4.html

 

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